Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 2 September ….

1762  Lion captured the French Zephyr 100 miles S.W. of Ushant.

1762  Aeolus destroyed the Spanish San José at Aviles, north-west Spain.

1801  Pomone, Phoenix and Minerve drove ashore the French Succés on Vada shoal, and Bravoure 4 miles S. of Leghorn. Succés was captured and refloated; Bravoure became a total loss.

1801  Capitulation of Alexandria to the forces under Adm Lord Keith (Foudroyant) and Lt-Gen Sir John Hutchinson. The French Justice and five other ships captured.

1801  Victor fought the French Fléche to the north-east of the Seychelles

1807  Bombardment of Copenhagen by the fleet under Adm James Gambier (Prince of Wales) and shore batteries erected by Lt-Gen Lord Cathcart, Ships; Agamemnon, Alfred, Brunswick, Captain, Centaur, Defence, Dictator, Ganges, Goliath, Hercules, Inflexible, Leyden, Maida, Mars, Minotaur, Nassau, Orion, Pompee, Prince of Wales, Resolution, Ruby, Spencer, Superb, Valiant, Vanguard, Frigates: Africaine, Comus, Franchise, Nymphe, Sybille. Gun-brigs: Desperate, Fearless, Indignant, Kite, Pincher, Safeguard, Tigress, Urgent. Bombardment Flotilla: Aetna, Cruizer, Hebe (hired), Mutine, Thunder, Vesuvius, Zebra.

HMS Minotaur1861

HMS Minotaur, laid down in September 1861. The first five-masted warship, at anchor, with Brunel’s SS Great Eastern in the background. (RNM).

1917  SS Olive Branch torpedoed by U-28 off Hammsfort. Gunfire from the U-boat exploded the ammunition carried in No.4 hold and Olive Branch blew up. U-28 was wrecked by the explosion and sank.

1918  VC: CPO George Prowse, DSM, RNVR, Drake Battalion RND, France: for gallantry in attack on the Hindenburg Line. Last award on blue ribbon.

1944  Keppel, Mermaid, Peacock, Whitehall and Swordfish A/285 (Vindex) sank U-394 off Lofoten Island.

1944  Glen Avon, a paddle steamer hired in First World War and again in Second World War, foundered in a storm in Seine Bay.

1945  Japanese delegates signed surrender on USS Missouri, in Tokyo Bay. Adm Sir Bruce Fraser, present on board Duke of York, countersigned for the United Kingdom.

1945  Merchant ship losses from 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945: 4,786 vessels of 21,194,000 grt.

1946  Childers and Chivalrous apprehended Fede (Four Freedoms) off Tel Aviv. First illegal immigrant ship to resist arrest.

1946  First entry of Junior Marines at RM Depot, Deal.

 


Google Lets Out The Perfect Resume Secre

Google Lets Out The Perfect Resume Secret @UKbusinessRT via @FindEmployment +Nick Of Time Marketing UK http://ow.ly/AWa11


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 1st September ….

1781  Chatham captured the French Magicienne 9 miles E. of Boston lighthouse.

1783  Lt-Gen J. McKenzie, RM, appointed the first Commandent in Town.

1812  Boats of Bacchante cut out the French Tisiphone, two gunboats and all seven of a convoy in the Canale di Leme.

1814  Avon (18) sunk by the American Wasp (22) 230 miles W.S.W. of Ushant.

1836  Rum withdrawn from accompanying women and children who became entitled to tea and sugar in lieu.

1858  Canning appointed first Viceroy of India, on the demise of the Honourable East India Company.

1859  Pearl’s Naval Brigade at Dhebrahia, with detachments of 13th Light Infantry, Bengal Yeomanry, 6th Madras Light Cavalry and 27th Madras Native Infantry.

1870  First successful RN firing of Whitehead torpedo.

torpedorecovery1890s

A torpedo as recovered after sinking in 21 fathoms after a practice firing in the 1890’s.

1875  Iron Duke rammed and sank Vanguard during a thick fog in the Irish Sea, near the Kish lightvessel (53-13N, 05-46W). First RN capital ship lost in collision and an inadvertent demonstration of power of the ram ‘which has proved more dangerous in accident than formidable in action’ – Laird Clowes, The Royal Navy, Vol. 7. p. 24.

1898  Bombardment of Omdurman, Sudan (captured next day). Gunboats: Abu Klea, Fatch, Melik, Metemmeh, Nasr, Sheikh, Sulan, Tumai.

1916  Hull of battlecruiser Hood, the building of which was suspended to incorporate lessons from Jutland, laid down for the second time at John Browns, Clydebank.

1917  Pangbourne Nautical College opened under command of Capt W.F. Montanaro, RN.

1919  Vittoria torpedoedby Bolshevik submarine Pantera in Gulf of Finland.

1920  Royal cypher in dull silver to be worn in each epaulette by admirals of the fleet, and aides-de-camp and honorary surgeons and physicians to the monarch.

1926  Adm Sir Herbert Richmond, founder of the Naval Review, appointed first Commandant of the Imperial Defence College, now the RCDS.

1936  Light cruiser Birmingham launched at Devonport Dockyard. The first British cruiser since the Emerald-class with a fully flared bow instead of the by-then traditional cruiser knuckle bow, and the last.

1940  Re-formation of 10th Submarine Flotilla, at Malta. The first had been formed at Immingham in 1914 and disbanded in December 1919.

1941  Monitor M 29,  Medusa, commissioned as Talbot, depot ship for Malta submarines. Became Medway II in 1943 before reverting to Medusa in 1944.

1942  Morden (RCN) depth-charged and sank U-756 on her first operational patrol, E.S.E. of Cape Farewell (57-41N, 31-30W).

1943  HQ Special Service Brigade (now 3 Cdo Brigade RM) formed from HQ 102 RM Brigade.

1944  Hurst Castle sunk by U-482 N. of Tory Island, Donegal (55-27N, 08-12W).

1944  St John and Swansea (both RCN) sank U-247 off Land’s End (49-54N, 05-49W).

1944  Malaya bombarded the batteries on Cezembre Island, off St Malo.

1950  RM bands integrated on formation of RM School of Music.

1958  First fishery dispute began with Iceland over her unilateral extensions of fishing zone by 12 miles. Eastbourne the first ship involved. This became the first of three Cod Wars.

1968  Flag Officer Aircraft Carriers (FOAC) became FOCAS (Flag Officer Carriers and Amphibious Ships).

1970  Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service (RMAS) founded. RMAS ensign to be a blue ensign defaced in the fly with a yellow horizontal anchor with two yellow wavy lines beneath to represent the seagoing character of the service.

 


.@UKbusinessRT Seeking new horizons ex-R

.@UKbusinessRT Seeking new horizons ex-RN motivational team lead/manager ex Motorola & SKY @NickMortel http://ow.ly/AW0Cy


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 31 August ….

1591  Revenge taken by a Spanish fleet under Don Alonzo de Bazan off the Azores.

The Revenge, under Sir Richard Grenville, was at Flores in the Azores with other British ships when a superior force of Spanish ships was sighted. The Revenge stayed to recover sick men on shore, and was engaged by the Spanish when she sailed. She fought for fifteen hours against no fewer than fifty-three enemy ships, and was boarded fifteen times, repulsing each attack. Finally she was forced to surrender after sinking four enemy ships, and with Sir Richard Grenville mortally wounded: ‘sink me the ship Master Gunner: sink her, split her in twain . . .’

1782  Fall of Trincomalee.

1807  Psyche captured the Dutch Scipio, Ceres and Resolutie 9 miles W. of Samarang, Java, and destroyed two Dutch merchant vessels at Samarang.

1810  Repulse (74) ‘with the greatest bravery and coolness’ deterred three French forty-gun frigates supported by several ships of the line, threatening the brig sloop Philomel (18) off Hyéres.

1817  Adm Sir John Duckworth died while C-in-C Plymouth.

AdmSirJohnDuckworth

A comemorative medal by Mills in silver for Admiral Sir John Duckworth (1748-1817).

1837  Gorgon, wood paddle frigate, 1,610 tons, launched at Pembroke Dockyard. With her sister ship Cyclops, 1,960 tons, launched at the same yard on 1 July 1839, they were the first steam vessels over 1,000 tons and were regarded as the first steam frigates. The men were uneasy about the portents of Gorgon spelled backwards.

1855  VC: Boatswain Joseph Kellaway (Wrangler), Destruction of Russian stores at Lyapina, near Mairuol, Sea of Azov, by Wrangler and rocket boats of Vesuvius.

1870  First and unsuccessful RN trial of Whitehead torpedo (Oberon).

1878  Gannet, composite screw sloop, launched at Sheerness. Became RNVR drill ship as President 1903 and boys’ training ship Mercury in 1913. Arrived Chatham 1987 for preservation. Opened to the public 2004.

1908  Final day of trials of Col Cody’s man-lifting kite off Isle of Wight, with battleship Revenge (tender to Excellent) and TBDs Fervent and Recruit. Strong winds, searches for submerged mines outside St Helens Bay and occasional immersions – ‘the aeronauts have got up satisfactorily but were finding difficulty in getting down’.

1937  Havock attacked by Italian submarine in Spanish Civil War.

1939  Admiralty ordered general mobilisation of naval reserves.

1939  Issuing Prices for service provisions on repayment and expended for General Mess purposes included

Herrings in Tomato Sauce: 1lb tin. 4 1/4d; Lard: 1lb tin, 8 1/2d (except on the China station, where the price will be communicated by the Victualling Yard). AFO 2496/39.

1940  Swordfish aircraft of 812 Sqn FAA (disembarked) bombed oil tanks at Rotterdam.

1943  Nelson, Rodney and Orion, in Messina Strait, bombarded the Calabrian coast. Operation Hammer.

1945  Total deaths of seamen of all nationalities serving in British merchant ships, and British seamen serving in foreign ships, chartered or requisitioned, from 3 September 1939 to 31 August 1945; 29,994.

1950  Chatham Group RM disbanded.

1992  First women join Royal Marines, as musicians.

1993  Last Captain of Mercury, Capt Paul Sutermeister, relinquished command.


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 30 August ….

1779  Boreas captured the French Compas to the eastward of Montserrat.

1799  Adm Mitchell (Isis) received further Dutch surrenders.

1806  Boats of Bacchante cut out three Spanish vessels at Santa Marta, Colombia, in a particularly dashing coup.

1806  Pike captured a Spanish schooner of Isla de Pinos, Cuba.

1823  Sappho, her guns and stores ashore at Gibraltar and with only her lower yards rigged, got under way with urgent dispatches in four hours.

1854  Preliminary attack on Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka. Ships: President, Pique, Virago. French ships: Forte, Eurydice, Obligado.

Suicide of Rear-Adm Price, C-in-C of British Pacific squadron.

1914  Occupation of German Somoa, Australia (flag) and Melbourne (RAN), Philomel (NZ), Montcalm (French), Psyche and Pyramus.

1940  Stonecrop and Stork sank U-634 in N. Atlantic (40-13N, 19-24W), Convoys SL 135/MKS 22. First attacked on 29th.

1945  Liberation of Hong Kong. Rear-Adm C.H.J. Harcourt, flag in Swiftsure, entered harbour. Five hundred men landed from Swiftsure and Euryalus, who cleared the dockyard that evening.

HMS Swiftsure 1953

HMS Swiftsure off Portsmouth, 1953.


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 29 August ….

1350  Battle of L’Espanols sur Mer. Edward III (Thomas) defeated the Spanish fleet under Don Carlos de la Cerda off Winchelsea. First battle in which cannon were used at sea.

1572  Matthew Baker appointed master shipwright.

1583  Delight lost with all hands off Nova Scotia.

1771  James Cook promoted Commander.

1782  Royal George (100) capsized and sank at Spithead, with loss of Admiral Kempenfelt and most of her crew. According to Howe, she ‘being upon the heel . . . suddenly over set, filled and sank’.

Rear-Adm Richard Kempenfelt (1718-82)

Rear-Admiral Richard Kempenfelt (1718-82) Of Swedish extraction. Kempenfelt served in the Caribbean under Vernon and for a considerable period of time in the Far East. He was considered one of the most thoughful officers of his time, and is remembered for his transformation of the Fleet signalling system, used to great effect by Howe of Gibraltar (1782), and for his introduction of the divisional system. He was drowned when the Royal George capsized at Spithead. He has been quoted as writing, ‘There is a vulgar notion that our seamen are braver than the Frence. Ridiculous to suppose courage is dependent upon climate. The men who are best disciplined, of whatever nationality they are, will always fight the best . . . it is a maxim that experience has ever confirmed, that discipline gives more force than numbers,’

1791  Pandora, sixth rate, searching for Bounty mutineers, lost on Great Barrier Reef. Fourteen had been captured at Tahiti but four of these drowned in the wreck. Remaining ten brought back to Porstmouth for court martial and three of them hanged.

1800  Boats of Renown, Impetueux, London, Courageux, Amethyst, Stag, Amelia, Brilliant and Cynthia cut out the French privateer Guépe near Redondela, Vigo Bay.

1807  Plantagenet captured the French privateer Incomparable 50 miles S. by W. of Lizard Head.

1810  Dover and detachments of the Madras European Regiment and Madras Coast Artillery captured Ternate, Moluccas. A second success for Capt Tucker and the third in those seas in six months.

1810  Hired cutter Queen Charlotte fought a large French cutter (ex-British Revenue cutter Swan) 10 miles N.N.E. of Alderney.

1814  Destruction of Fort Washinton and capitulation of Alexandria, Potomac River.

Ships: Seahorse, Euryalus, Devastation, Aetna, Meteor, Erebus, Fairy, Anna Maria.

1842  Treaty of Tientsin ended the First China War.

1877  Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound born.

1911  Canadian Naval Service became Royal Canadian Navy. In January 1911 Canada requested to change the name of the Canadian Naval Service and on 29 August was advised ‘His Majesty having been graciously pleased to authorise that the Canadian Naval Forces shall be designated the “Royal Canadian Navy”, under this title [it] is to be officially adopted, the abbreviation thereof being “RCN”.’ All Canadian warships thereafter prefixed with ‘HMCS’, Notwithstanding the Royal directive, the terms ‘Canadian Naval Service’ and ‘Naval Service of Canada’ remained in occasional use until finally ended by a Canadian Order in Council in 1944.

1915  Submarine C 29 sunk on a mine while under tow by Ariadne.

1918  UB-109 sunk in controlled minefield off Folkestone.

1939  Admiralty ordered mobilisation of Fleet.

1942  Arunta (RAN) sank the Japanese S/M Ro-33 off New Guinea (09-36S, 147-06E).

1942  Eridge torpedoed off Daba (31-07N, 28-26E). Towed to Alexandria but CTL.

1960  Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Lambe died.

1971  Adm John Henry Godfrey, a distinguished Director of Naval Intelligence for first three years of the Second World War, died. ‘The only officer of his rank to receive no official recognition whatsoever for his immense services to the Allied cause during the war, a palpable injustice’ – Beesly: ‘a disgraceful act of prejudice’ – Roskill. He began the war with a CB and ended it with nothing more.


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 28 August ….

1595  Drake and Hawkins left Plymouth on what turned out to be their last voyage, since neither returned. Drake died of yellow fever and Hawkins of dysentery.

1652  Capt Richard Badiley (Paragon) escorting a convoy of four sail, fought a Dutch squadron under Capt Johan van Galen 2 Leagues S. of Leghorn, near Montecristo, Ships: Paragon, Phoenix, Constant Warwick, Elisabeth. Captured: Phoenix. The convoy escaped. (A partial engagement had begun during the previous afternoon.)

1799  Adm Viscount Duncan (Kent) received the surrender of the Dutch fleet at the Texel, Ships: Circe, Isis, Kent. Wrecked: Blanche, Content, Lutine, Nassau.

1810  Iphigenia taken by the French Bellone, Minerve, Victor and three other frigates at Grand Port, Mauritius.

1844  Capture of Colonia, Uruguay. Ships: Gorgon, Satellite, Philomel.

1914  Battle of the Heligoland Bight.

Ships: Lion, Queen Mary, Princess Royal, Invincible, New Zealand, Badger, Beaver, Jackal, Sandfly. 1st LCS: Birmingham, Falmouth, Liverpool, Lowestoft, Nottingham, Southampton, Cruiser Force C: Aboukir, Amethyst, Bacchante, Cressy, Euryalus, Hogue, 1st DF: Acheron, Attack, Hind, Archer, Ariel, Lucifer, Llewellyn, Ferret, Forester, Druid, Defender, Fearless, Goshawk, Lizard, Lapwing, Phoenix, 3rd DF: Lookout, Leonidas, Legion, Lennox, Lark, Lance, Linnet, Landrail, Laforey, Lawford, Louis, Lydiard, Laurel, Liberty, Lysander, Laertes, Arethusa. S/Ms: D 2, D 8, E 4, E 5, E 6, E 7, E 8, E 9, Destroyers: Lurcher, Firedrake.

German ships sunk: Ariadne, Koln, Mainz, V-187British War Medal: clasp ‘Heligoland 28 Aug 1914′ approved but not issued. First known use of the phrase ‘the Grand Fleet’.

Although close blockade by the battle fleet became obsolete as the mine, submarine and torpedo were introduced, the Grand Fleet determined still to exercise its supremacy of the sea. In August 1914, the light cruiser force from Harwich made a sweep into the Heligoland Bight, tempting German forces out to the guns of the battlecruisers under Beatty. The plan succeeded, and three German cruisers and one destroyer were sunk.

1918  Aircraft BK 9983 and Ouse sank UC-70 off Whitby (54-31N, 00-40W).

1940  First German acoustic mine believed dropped in Thames estuary.

1940  AMC Dumvegan Castle torpedoed and sunk by U-46 off Tory Island, N.W. of Ireland (55-05N, 11-00W).

1941  Landing party from Triumph demolished the railway bridge near Caronia, northern Sicily.

1942  Corvette Oakville (RCN) and US Catalina flying boat sank U-94 in Caribbean, S. of Haiti.

1943  Ultor sank the Italian TB Lince, grounded off Punta Alice (39-24N, 17-01E) since the 4th.

1960  Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Forbes, C-in-C Home Fleet at beginning of Second World War, died.

1996  Prime Minister John Major attended ceremony at Neptune, Clyde Submarine Base, to mark the paying-off of Repulse and the end of the Polaris programme.


Royal Navy …. On This Day …. 27 August ….

1793  Occupation of Toulon by Lord Hood at invitation of French Royalist. Hood had too few troops to garrison the port and hold it against advancing Republican forces under Napoleon.

1809  Boats of Amphion cut out six Venetian gunboats and destroyed a fort at Cortellazzo.

1813  Capture of the island of Santa Clara, during the siege of San Sebastian, by boats of the squadron under Sir George Collier and a detachment of the 9th Regiment. Ships: Ajax, President, Revolutionnaire, Surveillante; Isabella and Millbank transports.

1816  Bombardment of Algiers by Adm Lord Exmouth (Queen Charlotte) and a Dutch squadron under Vice-Adm Baron Theodorus van Capellan (Melampus), to enforce the abolition of Christian slavery when other forms of diplomacy had failed.

Sword Adm Lord Exmouth

The hilt of the sword presented to Adm Lord Exmouth by the City of London for the bombardment of Algiers, 1816. It has enamel panels painted with coats of arms and scenes of the siege, surrounded by diamonds. (RNM 1977/340).

Ships: Albion, Glasgow, Granicus, Hebrus, Impregnable, Leander, Minden, Queen Charlotte, Severn, Superb, Britomart, Cordella, Heron, Mutine, Prometheus, Hecla, Beelzebub, Fury, Infernal, Gunboats Nos 1, 5, 19, 28, 24, Falmouth lighter and rocket boats. Dutch: Amstel, Dageraad, Diana, Eendracht, Frederica, Melampus, Troops: The Rocket Troop, RHA, Royal Sappers and Miners.

The Barbary Coast of North Africa had long been the centre of piracy in the Mediterranean, and its corsairs had ventured as far afield as Scandanavia. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the British Government resolved to deal with the matter. Lord Exmouth with the Mediterranean Fleet and a Dutch squadron went to Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers and offered treaties to the Deys prohibiting the taking of Christian slaves. The Dey of Algiers refused. A punitive expedition was mounted and the fleet anchored off Algiers 27 August 1816. The port was very well defended with forts and guns. The defences of Algiers were destroyed by a furious bombardment. Some 1,200 Christian slaves were freed.

1834  Cameleon run down and sunk off Dover by Castor.

1896  Rear Adm Sir Harry Rawson (St George) bombarded the Sultan’s palace at Dar-es-Salaam and sank his gunboat Glasgow, Ships: St George, Racoon, Philomel, Thrush and Sparrow. The action lasted 45 minutes and has been called ‘the shortest war in history’.

1914  First RNAS squadron stationed in Europe arrived at Ostend.

1917  Hyderabad launched. Only vessel designed and built as a Q-ship. Also known as Coral and Nicobar, she ended as a depot ship in north Russia in 1919.

1919  GC (ex-AM): Cdr H. Buckle (Tiger) for saving life at Invergordon.

1930  Harebell took off population of St Kilda.

1941  Hudson S/269 (RAF) captured U-570 off Ireland. Submarine brought in by Kingston Agate and Northern Chief. Cipher machine captured intact. Commissioned as HMS Graph.

HMS Graph ex-U-570

 

The captured German U-boat U-570 arriving in a British port in August 1941. The first U-boat to be captured in the Second World War, she was commissioned into the RN as HMS Graph. (RNM).

1943  Egret sunk 30 miles W. of Vigo, and Athabaskan (RCN) damaged by Henschel Hs 293A glider bomb in its first deployment (42-10N, 09-22W).

1944  First Minesweeping Flotilla, Cdr Trevor Crick, maintaining the swept channel between Portsmouth and Arromanches, attacked by RAF Typhoons off Cape d’Antifer near Havre (49-41N, 00-05W) in friendly fire error. Britomart and Hussar sunk, stern of Salamander blown off (CTL). Jason and trawler Colsay damaged. Some 117 killed, 149 seriously wounded.    ‘An air strike had been called up to attack an enemy force reported off Cape d’Antifer, and the Typhoons mistook our minesweepers for the enemy . . . the loss of life was heavy’ – Roskill, War at Sea, vol, 3, p. 134.  ‘A breakdown in communications and poor staff work were responsible for one of the most serious British ‘Own Goals’. Royal Air Force reconnaissance reported that the ships “appeared to be friendly” but the naval staff responsible for the security of the assault area were unaware of the change in the minesweeping programme which had taken the 1st Minesweeping Flotilla into an area in which there were not known to be any Allied ships – the Royal Navy therefore ordered the attack on its own ships’ – Brown, Warship Losses of World War Two, p. 121.

1979  Murder of Admiral of the Fleet the Earl Mountbatten of Burma.

1980  Shetland returned survivors of St Kilda for a day’s reunion.


The Plight of the Honeybee

The Plight of the Honeybee.


I Learn to Code

My journey from coding noob to software engineer

Mighty Red Pen

Grammar, word nerds, and the editorial way.

The Pink Rose Bakery

Always Gluten Free. Always Delicious

The Freelance Life

Writing Tips and Small-Business Advice From My Home Office to Yours

Ode on melittology

A blog about wild bee biology

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 984 other followers