1762 Samuel Hood the younger born.
1806 Rear-Adm Sir Edward Pellew (Culloden) destroyed a Dutch squadron of six ships and twenty merchantmen at Batavia (Djakarta). Ships: Belliqueux, Culloden, Powerful, Russell, Seaflower, Sir Francis Drake, Terpsichore.
1809 La Chiffone and the Hon. East India Company cruisers Fury, Mornington, Nautilus and Ternate destroyed the Joasmi pirate stronghold at Laft.
1811 Eagle captured the French Corcyre off Brindisi, after a ten-hour chase.
1830 Gold-laced trousers restored to flag officers.
1857 Shannon’s Naval Brigade at the defence of Cawnpore.
1913 Emporer of India launched at Vickers. With Iron Duke (Portsmouth 1912). Marlborough (Devonport 1912) and Benbow (Beardmore 1913) the last coal-burning battleships ordered for the Royal Navy. (Erin, Agincourt and Canada, building in Britain for foreign navies and taken over in 1914, were also coal-burning.)
1916 R 9 made first successful flight by an RNAS rigid airship.
1940 Action off Cape Spartivento, Sardinia (36N, 08-30E). Vice-Adm Sir James Somerville (Renown) fought the Italian Fleet. Ships: Ark Royal, Berwick, Coventry, Defender, Despatch, Diamond, Duncan, Encounter, Faulkner, Firedrake, Forester, Fury, Gallant, Gloxinia, Greyhound, Hereward, Hotspur, Hyacinth, Jaguar, Kelvin, Manchester, Newcastle, Peony, Ramillies, Renown, Salvia, Sheffield, Southampton, Vidette, Wishart. FAA Squns: Walrus: 700: Skua: 800: Fulmar: 808: Swordfish: 810, 818, 820 (Ark Royal), RAF: Sunderland flying-boat.
A convoy was passing from Gibraltar to Alexandria. The Italians were determined to stop it, and sailed two battleships, seven 8in cruisers and sixteen destroyers from Naples and Messina. Adm Somerville, in command of Force H covering the convoy, decided that the best defence for the convoy was a deterined attack by his inferior escort. The battlecruiser Renown, one heavy and three light cruisers and one (AA) cruiser together with the aircraft carrier Ark Royal raced to attack the Italian Fleet. In the action which followed, one British cruiser was damaged; the enemy withdrew and the convoy passed safely.
1940 Port Napier destroyed by fire in Loch Alsh (57-17, 05-44W).
1943 Orion, Paladin, Teazer and Troubridge bombarded enemy positions north of Garigliano River.
1978 The last catapault launch in the Royal Navy: F4K Phantom of 892 NAS piloted by Flt Lt Murdo McLeod (pilot) and Lt Denis McCullum (Observer), launched from the waist catapult of Ark Royal at 1515A inbound to RAF St Athan.
The last Buccaneer launch that day was an 809 NAS aircraft, Sqn Ldr Rick Phillips (pilot) and Cdr Ken MacKenzie (Observer). See Navy News, February 2004. p. 14.
The last fixed-wing aircrew to be launched from HMS Ark Royal. Seated in the cockpit are, left to right: Lt Denis McCullum, RN, Deputy Air Engineering Officer of 892 NAS, and Flt Lt Murdo McLeod RAF 74K Phantom pilot. This was Lt McCullum’s first flight in a Phantom. (FAAM)